Much of the ice lay aground, in nine fathoms, but none of it rose more
than five or six feet above the surface of the water. We estimated the
velocity of the flood tide, off some of the rocky points, at three miles
an hour, and at such places we had much trouble in endeavouring to keep
the boats clear of the drifting ice. The circular motion which the pieces
occasionally acquired was particularly difficult to guard against, and
had we not depended on the tongues of the ice, which, lying deep under
water, prevented the upper parts of the floes to which they belonged
from coming in contact, we should scarcely have ventured amongst them.
We did not, however, entirely escape, for the Dolphin was caught between
a floe and a piece that lay aground, and fairly raised our of the water
by the pressure, which broke one of her timbers and several of her planks.
We put ashore on a small island to repair the damage, and during our
stay Mr. Kendall had a meridian observation in latitude 68° 36½'
N. [Richardson, p. 256.]